Mark Gatiss (English: Mark Gatiss, pronunciation: /ˈɡeɪ.tɪs/ GAY-tis;  October 17, 1966 -) is an English actor, screenwriter and novelist. He is well known as a member of the comedy "League of Gentlemen", and also wrote and acted in the TV series "Doctor Who" and "Detective Sherlock".Gattis was born in Sedgefield, England and grew up across from the psychiatric hospital in Edward, where his parents worked. When he was young, he loved watching "Doctor Who" and Hammer horror movies on TV, reading Sherlock Holmes and Herbert George Wells and collecting fossils. These hobbies stimulated his creative work as an adult. He went to Heighington CE Elementary School and Woodham Comprehensive School in Newton Aycliffe; Paul Makitz, who was two years younger than Gattis, also attended the latter and wrote "Doctor Who". He is an openly gay and was elected to the UK’s pink list of the most influential gays in 2010 and 2011  by the Independent Sunday . He has a British civil partnership with actor Ian Hallard, and both of them have performed in the second season of the BBC TV series "Sherlock" (Ian Hallard played as the defense lawyer of Professor Moriarty in the third episode of the second season of the play), Own a Labrador retriever "Bunsen".  To realize another childhood dream of his, he once built a Victorian laboratory in his London home. Because of his childhood love of "Doctor Who", Gattis's early works are all related to the show. His earliest published fantasy novel was a series of new adventures in "Doctor Who" through Virgin Publishing. The first was Nightshade in 1992. Among these works, Gattis tried to fix the problems that caused the show to be cancelled in 1989. The first script he wrote was a BBV videotape show called P.R.O.B.E.: Four low-cost, short films "Doctor Who" derivative films. Although these films include former doctors Jon Pertvi, Colin Baker and Peter Davidson, no DVD version was released. In an interview in 2004, he said that he would not authorize the re-release, treating them as an exercise. His earliest contributions to the licensed "Doctor Who" included four novels and four radio dramas (two for BBV and two for Big Finish Productions). Gattis is probably best known for the short-film comedy series "Gentlemen's League" team (with actors Reece Shearsmith, Steve Pemberton and co-writer Jeremy Dyson). After spending a year traveling around Europe after going to university, he went to a drama school when he was less than 20 years old and met his co-writer and actors.